Before you can undertake any type of towing, it's important to know what kind of hitch is appropriate for your vehicle. So many are available in the market, that you might get confused. There are also different classes depending on the weight they can tow. The appropriate hitch to buy is usually determined by the amount of load you want to tow.
Class 1 Hitch.
These are used to tow very light load, Most of them tow loads of up to 2,000 lbs. They can carry a trailer or a boat of 14 feet in length respectively. The class 1 hitches are hooked to the vehicles bumper: "bumper hitches". Some of them have a removable tongue and cannot connect to the frame. This is mostly used by people who do not haul regularly since they can remove them any time they want. A cotter pin holds a pin in place that helps hold the tongue on.
Class II Hitches.
These can tow loads of 3500 lbs. They can carry trailers that are 12 feet long and boats 20 feet long. This type is appropriate for vehicles that are large like sedans and minivans. You can remove the tongue on this kind as well and they are also mounted to the frame's bottom.
Class III Hitches
The class III hitches can tow heavy duty loads with weights of up to 5000 lbs. A trailer boat of 24 feet can be carried by these hitches. Mounting is done on the frame in this type too. They can be used on pickup trucks and sports utility vehicles.
Class IV Hitches
These are heavy duty hitches that can tow loads of up to 7500 lbs. They have brackets that help evenly distribute weight making it possible to tow heavy loads. Full size pickups can use these type. It has a removable tongue when not in use and is attached to the frame rail.
Class V Hitches
Heaviest duty hitches available. They can tow loads of up to 14,000 lbs. Their brackets are heavy-duty helping in weight distribution of all the weight. It has a tongue that is removable and mounts to the frame. Heavy duty pickup trucks can use this type.
Fifth Wheel Hitch
This type of hitch can carry very heavy loads of up to 20,000 lbs. They can carry livestock trailers, car haulers and travel trailers. They are mounted to the trucks bed. They are not easy to maneuver though they can carry extremely heavy loads. For installation, the tailgate is removed because they take up the truck beds length.
The gooseneck hitch is almost similar to the Fifth Wheel Hitch since it's installed to the trucks bed. It can also carry very heavy loads of up to 30,000 lbs. It can be used to tow horse trailers. The bed has pre-existing holes that the hitch is attached to. Some gooseneck hitches can be hidden under the bed by installing them underneath the bed. If you need to tow anything else other than a trailer, this is the right one for you.
Armed with this information, buying the right kind of hitch for your vehicle is an easy task. Be sure not to exceed the specified capacity to tow.
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